The state of Ohio legally requires children under the age of 4 years old, under 40 lbs., and under 4’9” to be secured in a car seat with a separate harness device.
Children under 8 years old and 4’9” tall must be secured in either a car seat with a separate harness OR a booster seat.
Car Seat Requirements Ohio
Rear-Facing Car Seat Law Ohio
There is no legal specification for how long a child must ride in a rear-facing car seat in Ohio.
Ohio law only dictates children under 8 years old and 4’9” be secured in a child seat of some kind.
Rear-Facing Car Seat Age: 0 years
Rear-Facing Car Seat Weight: unspecified
Rear-Facing Car Seat Height: unspecified
However, the Ohio Department of Health does provide safety guidelines for when you should use a rear-facing car seat.
Rear-Facing Car Seat Guidelines Ohio
- Rear-Facing Car Seat Age: 2 years
- Rear-Facing Car Seat Weight: unspecified
- Rear-Facing Car Seat Height: unspecified
There are no car seat rules in Ohio regarding height and weight limit for rear-facing car seats.
Instead, the state expects you to follow the maximum height and weight limits on your particular car seat and to keep your child rear-facing as long as possible.
Forward-Facing Car Seat Law Ohio
Ohio law dictates children under 4 years old, 40 lbs., and 4’9” be secured in a child seat with a separate harness device.
This means children in Ohio must ride in a forward-facing (or rear-facing) car seat until they reach ONE of the following requirements:
- Forward-Facing Car Seat Age: 4 years
- Forward-Facing Car Seat Weight: 40 lbs.
- Forward-Facing Car Seat Height: 4’9”
Per Ohio’s car seat rules, once a child reaches 4 years of age, if they are still under 4’9”, they must either continue to be secured in a car seat, or may switch to a booster seat, through the age of 8, regardless of weight.
Where can I get my car seat checked or installed in Ohio?
Many cities and townships in Ohio have Car Seat Fitting Stations where you can get your car seat properly installed or checked by certified safety technicians.
These stations are largely run by public health and fire departments.
Click here to see Fitting Stations in the Columbus area and here to see fitting stations in the Cleveland area.
General Car Seat Laws FAQ
Are car seats effective?
According to the CDC, “car seat use reduces the risk for injury in a crash by 71-82% for children, when compared with seat belt use alone.”
What’s the best car seat?
Different types of car seats (infant, convertible, etc.) have different uses.
But, no matter what type of car seat you’re using, the best car seat is the one that will do the most effective job of keeping your child safe in the event of an accident.
See Which Car Seat To Buy: Making Sure Your Little Ones Stay Safe On The Road for our recommendations.
How do you install a car seat?
Car seat installation varies depending on whether the seat is being installed rear- or forward-facing and the manufacturer of the seat.
For help installing a rear-facing car seat, see Passenger Safety For Babies at Safe Kids Worldwide.
And for help installing a forward-facing car seat, see Passenger Safety For Little Kids at Safe Kids Worldwide.
Does AAA do car seat inspections?
Yes, the American Automobile Association (AAA) has certified child passenger safety technicians on staff.
If you are a member of AAA, you can have your car seat installation inspected for free (when available in your area).
Go to AAA.com/carseats to make an appointment for inspection.
When were car seats invented?
Two precursors to car seats as we know them today were both invented in 1962. (Though, they weren’t available until the late-60s.)
The first of these seats, and the one most similar to the car seats we use today, had a Y-shaped harness and was rear-facing.
The seat was invented by British inventor (and mother) Jean Ames.
The second of these seats was metal-framed seat designed to face forward, and was invented by American inventor Leonard Rivkin.
Before that, the only type of child seat for cars were booster-style car seats, which simply lifted children higher in the seat, but had no safety features and had been manufactured since the 1930s.
When did car seats become mandatory?
Car seats became mandatory between 1978 and 1986.
Though car seats were available in the late 1960s, and the data showing their effectiveness was available in the early 1970s, they remained optional safety devices, and most parents didn’t opt to use them.
So, it became a matter of enacting laws.
In the U.S., car seats became mandatory as most things do – on a state-by-state basis.
In 1978, Tennessee became the first state to enact a child restraint law of any kind (the law passed in 1977), a successful campaign that prompted other states to follow suit.
Over the next few years, all U.S. states passed and implemented child restraint laws, with all states enacting laws by 1986.
Who is responsible for child restraint laws in the U.S.?
While there were experts and activists all over the country working to pass child restraint laws, Dr. Robert Sanders and his wife Pat are largely credited with getting the first Tennessee law passed.
Dr. Sanders was a pediatrician and he and his wife lobbied for the legislation for years.
Dr. Sanders even got a moniker out of his activism. He became affectionately known as “Dr. Seat Belt.”
Car Seats Save Young Lives
Car seats are designed to protect the smallest, most vulnerable of children, and, since car seat rules first went into effect nationwide in the mid-1980s, they have done a stellar job at saving kids’ lives.
That’s why car seats are required in every state in the U.S. up to a certain age (with some states also having booster and front seat laws), and why the American Academy of Pediatrics and CDC recommend using some form of child restraint system in vehicles until children are big enough to be protected by a car’s built-in safety features (4’9”).
So, definitely follow Ohio’s car seat laws to protect the smallest of children.
And continue to follow the booster and front seat laws (or expert guidelines) to ensure your child is well-protected on the road.
For more on Ohio’s booster seat laws, see Ohio Booster Seat Laws.
For more on Ohio’s front seat law, see Ohio Front Seat Law.